Photography is all about light. To let the camera “see” what you wish, you have tools controlling how much light reaches the camera sensor: the aperture and shutter speed controls.it is an art of writing with light with the help of a machine called camera.
Photography is the art and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electro-magnetic radiation,either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic film.
Digital photography is the process of using electronic and computing appliances to capture, create, edit and share digital images/photographs. It encompasses several different technologies to provide electronic or computer-based photography services. In this produces an electrical charge at each pixel, which is electronically processed and stored in a digital image file for subsequent display or processing.
Photographic film is a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film base coated on one side with a gelatin emulsion containing microscopically small light-sensitive silver halite crystals. The result with photographic emulsion is an invisible latent image, which is later chemically “developed” into a visible image, either negative or positive depending on the purpose of the photographic material and the method of processing.
A negative image on film is traditionally used to photographically create a positive image on a paper base, known as a print, either by using an enlarger or by contact printing.
Type of photography is mainly divided into 3 major sector:
- COMMERCIAL PHOTOGRAPHY covers product shots, advertising, wedding etc. It is one of the most popular forms of photography in world.
- DOCUMENTARY PHOTOGRAPHY covers journalism, events, historical, political, etc.
- ARTISTIC PHOTOGRAPHY is done by those who are totally creative and the composition is their goal.
Modern Types Of Photography
Aerial Photography is done from a height using a plane, helicopter,balloon or drone other airborne device.
Architecture & Real Estate Photography is an art of making property appear attractive. Builders like unitech, gaursons,supernova etc appoints photographer to capture their new projects. It often involves panoramic photography.
Artistic Photography is done by those who are totally creative and the composition is their goal.
Macro Photography is done to capture small objects like jewelry, insects etc. A macro lens is must, however,the substitute of macro lens is reverse ring.
Food Photography it is now getting popular as a profession as everyday there is a new restaurant in the market. Brands like Bikaner, On sweets and international brands like pizza hut ,kfc etc spends lavishly on food photography.
Night Photography has became popular since long exposures are considered as creative. It includes light trails,star trails etc.
Sports Photography is a specialized art of shooting people engaged in sports, games and adventure activities. It requires a telephoto lens,tripod and a mono-pod etc.
Travel Photography is done to showcase locations, illustrate travel literature,etc. In this photographer creates a picture story while travelling.
Kids Photography is done for new borns, kids for their personal portfolio or for getting into serials,movies,ads etc.
Black & White Before the invention of colour negative,black and white photography was the only option. It explores shapes,tones and textures. Shadows and highlights become much more important.
Mobile Photography It is also known as convenience photography using a mobile phone’s built -in camera. while not the best quality, camera phones have opened a new world of spontaneous, on-the-spot photo opportunities.
Documentary Photography covers journalism, events,historical,political,etc.
Adventure and action photography is done in order to capture adventures sports daring feasts,etc. Usually travelling companies appoint these type of photographers.
Pet photography is becoming popular now days in India. People are ready to spend a lot on their pets portfolio. These shoots are done to capture pets and their relationships with humans.
Portrait & Street Photography covers events happening on streets or on a particular locations like holi in mathura, chandni chowk etc.
Stock photography photographs taken for distribution to other people for use in their projects.These photos can be of landscapes,places,people,food,fashion etc.
Fashion photography In this a number of professionals work together to create an image. usually fashion shoots are done for brands like Reebok,Femina,Vogue etc. Most of the brands appoints advertising agency through creative director are appointed. Art director plays a vital role to create a fashion image.Fashion photography is one of the most lucrative forms of photography.
Wildlife photography This one is the most loved form of photography in the world.It is also a very lucrative profession, however, much hard work is required to get settle in this.Photographer travels all over the world to capture wildlife and in this photography one has to invest not only time but also needs a lots of high end equipment for DSLR.
Product photography It is one of the toughest form and it is said there is only one photographer out of 1000 who can be a product photographer. product photographer are required by all manufacturing firms and online portals etc. For creating best product images, one needs to buy best equipment and a fx camera.
portfolio photography There are various types of portfolios among which modeling portfolio is the most famous one.In this photographers shoots new face in order to promote them for modeling and acting etc. For this make-up artist and stylist are appointed to present a normal face into celebrity face. Charges for portfolio ranges form 5,000 to 3,00,000/-. Portfolio shoots are also done for jewelry designer, fashion designer etc.
Photo-Journalism It is done to show what happening in our society. There are top newspapers, journals, magazines who appoint journalist for their editorial works.The starting salary is below than an unemployed person. However, the one who work hard enough they can achieve wonders for example Raghu-rai is one of the famous photo journalist in India who is also the richest among all.
Landscape photography In this photographers covers the beauty of nature. The god of landscape photography is Ashok-Dilwali and he is also the owner of kinsay bros which is located in C.P inner circle,is also the oldest studio in delhi. landscape photography involves lot of travelling.